Repeal the Second Amendment?

 

Following is a summary of a discussion on LinkedIn discussing the NYT Op-ed submitted by retired Supreme Court Justice Stevens: John Paul Stevens: Repeal the Second Amendment , March 27, 2018.

Does the discussion reinforce the need for a new approach to help resolve controversial issues?

The debate focuses on the “meaning” and interpretation of the second amendment from a legal perspective.  A different approach is looking at the issue not from an original meaning but from the original intent.

The aim of the design of the U.S. political system was to form “a more perfect” union (original intent). Working towards this aim from a Deming perspective would equate to taking action that results in a situation where everyone gains, or at least, are not any worse off in the long-term.

The challenge becomes to identify the feedback people need to assess if a change makes things better or worse.  Deming suggests looking at things from four perspectives: Psychology (motivation), Systems (action) Variation (feedback), and Knowledge (learning).

Psychology is the study of human behavior and what motivated it.  For many, guns in America are an integral part of our history, culture, identity, strength, sense of security, and freedom. Guns are also a symbol.  Many of the comments on the post reflect this perspective.

There is also the philosophic perspective regarding the nature of man – all humans have the capability of being good and evil which reinforces an individual’s desire for self-defense and self-reliance.   And further, some have more confidence in government’s ability to protect them than do others.  For many, the 2nd amendment is an insurance policy – you may never need it, but nice to have – just in case.

A System includes laws and interpretation of the laws.  I can’t add much to the current debate on the 2nd amendment.  I think both sides have goods arguments. Unfortunately, the debate will be never ending depending on who has the most votes at the time. Conservative will vote one way and liberals the other, e.g., zero-sum that indicates a stable (predictable) system.

Variation is the gap between the ideal situation (more perfect) and actual. From an “originalist” position, repealing the 2nd Amendment is tampering – which makes things worse.  From a “living document” perspective, repeal is an improvement.

The variation principle also provides a new standard that can be applied for assessing the efficacy of gun control laws.  It also provides a new perspective on looking at all the factors that contribute to unnatural deaths from crime, accidents, disease, addictions, war, et.al.  What are the trends?  What are the priorities for improvement? What is working? What is not?

Knowledge. What are we learning?   The responses to the post identify individual views and passion on the topic.  In regard to repeal, whoever has the most votes will “win.”  Even if the votes are there to repeal, many will not accept any ruling that conflicts with their belief that they have right to keep and bear arms.  The U.S. is not Australia where the population volunteered to turn in their guns.

A way-ahead?   Start with the variation principle. Get agreement on the methodology and data e.g., the facts regarding deaths due to the misuse of guns. To provide context, I would also include comparisons with other deaths by other causes. Any successful long-term solution will need to acknowledge and address the cultural aspects (psychology) that are an inherent part of the 2nd  amendment.

Assess your knowledge of the variation principle.

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Most Americans believe the management world is flat. Do you?

Imagine you lived at a time in history when it was an accepted belief that the earth was flat. Now imagine you started hearing the claims that the earth was round – that new continents were discovered. Would you have cared, or would you have wanted to learn more?”

“Men occasionally stumble over the truth but most of them pick themselves up and hurry off as if nothing happened.”—Winston Churchill

In 1924, Dr. Walther Shewart discovered a new paradigm for managing variation. Variation is a law of nature that states that no two things or people will ever be ever exactly alike – everything varies.

W. Edwards Deming was a student and colleague of Dr. Shewhart.  Deming’s contributions in developing the paradigm were recognized by U.S. News and World Report as one of the nine turning points in world history and by Fortune Magazine as among the greatest contributions to business history.

Deming concluded that failure to understand the variation paradigm resulted in a situation where ninety-five percent of changes made by management today result in no improvement. We are all managers in one role or another.

Deming further concluded that prevailing style of management resulted in devasting consequences on our economy and ability in working together in pursuit of a more perfect union.

What is the world’s most underdeveloped nation?With the storehouse of skills and knowledge contained in its millions of unemployed, and with the even more appalling underuse, misuse, and abuse of skills and knowledge in the army of employed people in all ranks in all industries, the United States may be today the most underdeveloped nation in the world.”   W. Edwards Deming

Assess your knowledge of  the variation paradigm

A way ahead?  To develop your knowledge of the variation, start with a developing and interpreting a trend chart.

Corruption: Description and Context

I generally associated the term corruption with illegality.  The Pope identifies a broader definition and context.

Pope Francis: ‘I Am Not Afraid of Sin, I Am Afraid of Corruption’,  by Thomas D. Williams  PH.D.  23 Jan 2018, Breitbart.com

“Corruption – when a person’s conscience no longer registers right and wrong.”

“There is a big difference between corruption and sin, Pope Francis contends, because the sinner can always convert but the corrupt person sees no need for conversion.”

“The corrupt person goes through life taking the shortcuts of opportunism,” said the Pope, “with an air of innocence, wearing the mask of an honest person, which he begins to believe.”

“The corrupt person cannot accept criticism, discredits anyone who criticizes him, tries to belittle any moral authority who would question him, does not value others and insults anyone who thinks differently. If the balance of power permits, he persecutes anyone who contradicts him.”

“Unfortunately, Francis said, the problem is widespread.”

Indiana High School Graduation Rates

QUESTION: Since 2010-11, have any of the increases and decreases in the graduation rate been significant or do they indicate that the system is producing results within a normal range?

Pre-Test: Assess your knowledge of variability

Indiana’s high school graduation rate slipped last year, Indianapolis Star, USA TODAY NETWORK, Jan 12, 2018

Indiana’s high school graduation rate slipped in 2017, falling nearly two points from the previous year and dropping to its lowest point in the past six years.

The decline was the largest single-year drop in the past 11 years, the time span in which state data was immediately available.

Trend Chart

Data:

  • 2010-11: 87.1
  • 2011-12: 88.7
  • 2012-13: 88.6
  • 2013-14: : 89.8
  • 2014-15: 88.9
  • 2015-16: 89.1
  • 2016-17: 87.2

Reference: (Source of Data:   School and Corporation Data Reports

More Information: Institute for Healthcare Improvement:

Not so fake news

Two recent articles on Linkedin reinforce the need for a “better system” for a national discussion on various issues.

  • Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds. New discoveries about the human mind show the limitations of reason. New Yorker magazine, By