U.S. Debt to GDP 1929 – 2022

Debt to GDP Ratio 1929 2022

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US National Debt by Year, By Kimberly Amadeo, Updated on January 18, 2023. Reviewed by Robert C. Kelly,  Fact checked by Emily Ernsberger.

Reversing Course – Learning from the past. In 1946, the U.S. Debt to GDP ratio was 119%. This was at a time following WWII when national resources were dedicated to the war effort. This ratio was exceeded for the first time in 2020 at 129% and was 123% in 2022.

After WWII, the U.S. owned half the world’s markets. Pent-up demand for manufactured goods created a middle class and led to reductions in the debt-to-GDP ratio to as low as 31% in 1981.  Global competition and failure to understand and adopt the better quality management methods pioneered by W. Edwards Deming (that ironically were classified during WWII), continue to contribute to a loss in American productivity and competitiveness.

Ironically, although the quality methods were de-classified after the War, they continue to be a well-kept secret in America. The solution? Apply the better methods that will result in what Deming referred to as a Chain Reaction – improve quality, costs decrease, productivity improves, capture the market with better quality and lower costs, stay in business, create jobs and more jobs.   The additional context is provided at: https://successthroughquality.com/

April 21, 2020. U.S. Debt to Surge Past Wartime Record, Deficit to Quadruple, By Christopher Condon and Dave Merrill

US Debot projection 1940 to 2025


Christian Nationalism – A Simple Test?

How Much of a Christian Nationalist Are You? Take This Simple Test. Scott Hogenson | Jan 29, 2023

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A different question? What actions by individuals and groups produce the best results for everyone? Variation is a natural part of creation. The Constitution identifies the aim of the U.S. system of government as working towards “a more perfect Union.” There will always be a gap between the current reality and the “perfect” situation.

How do “We the People” (top management) define more perfect? What feedback is needed to assess results? How will we know that a change will result in an improvement?

A Christian worldview supports the premise that actions motivated by love result in more needs being met. This leads to fewer people being harmed by unmet needs. In contrast, more centralization of political power through the erosion of the checks and balances on power has been proven throughout history to result in more harm than good.

The quality profession through the Taguchi Loss Function has validated that the closer you get to “more perfect,”  the higher the quality and the less harm to individuals and society.   Improvement in any aspect of life all has to do with reducing variation. A summary of the concept at the following: successthroughquality.com

W. Edwards Deming: Aligning Science and Religion

einstein science religion

Updated Jan 27, 2023 

This post at LinkedIn.

Optimal performance in any aspect of life is not possible without a basic awareness and understanding of variation and the inter-relationship between science and religion. The contributions of W. Edwards Deming regarding quality improvement are more commonly known within the management, engineering, and statistical communities.  Deming’s work is not commonly known within philosophical and religious circles.

Albert Einstein on Religion and Science 

  • Objective knowledge provides us with powerful instruments for the achievements of certain ends, but the ultimate goal itself and the longing to reach it must come from another source.
  •  Intelligence makes clear to us the interrelation of means and ends. But mere thinking cannot give us a sense of the ultimate and fundamental ends. To make clear these fundamental ends and valuations, and to set them fast in the emotional life of the individual, seems to me precisely the most important function which religion has to perform in the social life of man. 

Definitions (Briticanna)

  • science, any system of knowledge that is concerned with the physical world and its phenomena and that entails unbiased observations and systematic experimentation. In general, a science involves a pursuit of knowledge covering general truths or the operations of fundamental laws.
  • religion, human beings’ relation to that which they regard as holy, sacred, absolute, spiritual, divine, or worthy of special reverence.
  • philosophy, (from Greek, by way of Latin, philosophia, “love of wisdom”) the rational, abstract, and methodical consideration of reality as a whole or of fundamental dimensions of human existence and experience. 

Clare-Crawford Mason introduced the relevance of Deming’s contributions within the context of philosophy. She was the producer of the NBC documentary “If Japan Can, Why Can’t We?” (1980) which introduced Deming’s work to America. This led to Deming’s book Out of the Crisis (1982). The first edition of Deming’s book, The New Economics was published in 1993.

Collection – Clare Crawford Mason articles- Curious Cat Management Improvement

  • Better Questions, Wiser Answers, Washington Times, July 1, 2007
    • The Deming-Toyota-Baldrige method and systems thinking can improve schools, government agencies or any organization, even military invasions and occupations because it offers new ways to look at the bigger picture. It allows an organization to be greater than the sum of its parts as the people in the system learn to work together more effectively.
    • Why is there no national debate on more effectively managing these critical systems of our society? Why don’t leaders/candidates investigate and discuss new ways of approaching problems? The role of leadership is to identify problems and propose solutions. If new ways of thinking and defining problems are needed, that should be the subject of the presidential campaign.

Not commonly mentioned including by Clare-Crawfored Mason, is that Deming was a devout Christian and would have been heavily influenced by a Biblical worldview.   I provide additional information on the likely effect of this influence in my posts and website.

Additional information:

Deming also acknowledged the influence of C.I. Lewis who was introduced to him by Walter A. Shewhart. In 1986, Deming stated that “Another half-century may pass before the full spectrum of Dr. Shewhart’s contributions has been revealed in liberal education, science, and industry.” (Walter Shewhart, Statistical Method from the Viewpoint of Quality Control (New York, NY: Dover Publications, 1986), p. ii.).

In the first edition of his book: The New Economic, Deming used referenced the term “metanoia” (spiritual conversion).  This term was eliminated in future editions that were published after Deming’s death.  Metanoia and Transformation II – Norman Todd , The Way, 52/2 (April 2013),

  • …  when I read the first edition of Deming’s book The New Economics, I found a short section that described a fundamental change of mind-set on which all subsequent organizational transformation depended. The section was headed ‘Metanoia’. In later editions it is retitled ‘The First Step’.
  • People who knew Dr. Deming well have assured me that he was a sincere, practicing Christian who played the organ in church and composed sacred music. But when I asked at his seminar if he had applied his teaching to the organization of the Church, he looked puzzled and said he had not.

A Perfect Individual Performance Assessment

This Post at LinkedIn.

What is the “perfect” individual performance appraisal or assessment?  The lack of understanding of variation led quality expert W. Edwards Deming to conclude that individual performance appraisals (and grades in school) are among the “deadly diseases” of management.  Variation is a natural part of creation. Mark Hitchcock reinforces that God has identified a two-part individual “performance“ assessment – Heavenly Rewards Episode 70:

  1.  A belief and faith in Jesus Christ result in salvation through grace and eternal life.
  2. Upon our death in this life, recognition and rewards and how we spend eternity are then determined by our stewardship of time, opportunities, and resources earning the accolade “Well done, good and faithful servant.” Good works alone without a belief in Christ “will not” lead to salvation.

Suggested Reading:

Context: Improvement – “,,, it all has to do with reducing variation”

Grades in School:

This Post at LinkedIn.

A comment to the post and my response:

Avoiding Spiritual Plateaus

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There are no spiritual plateaus

Exclusive: Greg Laurie warns readers not to put ‘the Christian experience on cruise control’

Variation is a natural part of God’s creation and represents the gap between the ideal or more perfect and the actual situation.

Variation either gets better or gets worse which makes continual improvement imperative if the goal is better results.

The quality profession through the Taguchi Loss Function has validated that continually reducing variation leads to better quality with fewer negative consequences on the individual and society.

Within the Christian community, a common perception is that continual improvement is more of a “business thing.” The fact is that continually reducing variation is a moral imperative supporting the guidance that there should be no spiritual plateaus nor should learning be put on cruise control.


Great Omission and Great Commission

romans 12 2 renewing your mind

The Great Omission, D. Eric Schansberg on Christ’s Commandments & True Discipleship

Response to the article: True Disciple Making by Ken Adams

Facebook Post of the article and context —  My Response:

Appreciate your examples. Another perspective: Variation is a natural part of creation- God’s design. No two people or things are or will be exactly alike. Variation is a gap between the ideal (perfect) and an actual situation. In the context of the bible, perfection (acceptable degree of variation) is described as all needs being met – Garden of Eden for example. When Adam and Eve sinned, an unacceptable degree of variation was introduced into the world. God’s intent is for us to help reduce it and the bible provides the guidance. The actions that you described are examples of reducing variation.

The So What? The quality profession has identified through the Taguchi Loss Function that the closer any service (an act) or product gets to the ideal, the higher the quality and the lower the cost to the individual and society, e.g., more needs are met; less harm to people as a result of unmet needs. Relevance? Surveys by Gallup, Barna, Rasmussen, et. al., identify downward trends in areas that include the belief in God, church attendance, and biblical worldview. People can abandon their belief in God, but variation is a constant and can shift the discussion and awareness of God’s intent and contrast to other beliefs. In a biblical worldview, God defines the ideal, in quality management, the ideal is defined by the customer and producer, and in America, We the people define the ideal, e.g., what a more perfect union” should look like.

Everyone on the planet has reduced variation and few realize the correlation between their actions and a biblical worldview. Knowledge and understanding of variation can provide a common ground in support of the Great Commission.  A summary of the concepts at the following: SuccessThroughQuality.com.

The challenge? In support of the Great Commission, I advocate for a Christianity, Citizenship, and Quality Management apologetic.  Within the Christian community, feedback has included that quality management is a business thing. Within the quality profession, God is not mentioned, and in America, We the People think our obligations end with the vote and are not aware of our responsibility to learn about and apply better methods for reducing variation from the ideal of “a more perfect Union.”

Would Have Been Branded a Domestic Extremist Today?

LinkedIn WWJD Rutherford

Yes, Jesus Would Have Been Branded a Domestic Extremist Today, By John & Nisha Whitehead, December 19, 2022

“The modern-day church has largely shied away from applying Jesus’ teachings to modern problems such as war, poverty, immigration, etc., but thankfully there have been individuals throughout history who ask themselves and the world: what would Jesus do.” One thing Jesus would continue to do is take action motivated by love that reduces variation from the ideal resulting in more needs being met. Variation is a natural part of creation and represents the gap between “more perfect” and the current situation. A summary of the concept and methods for reducing variation at the following: https://successthroughquality.com/

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Less than half the population in England and Wales now describe themselves as Christians

linkedin white and blue

‘I couldn’t pretend any more’: readers on why they left the Christian faith, The Guardian, Dec 2, 2022. Readers respond to the census finding that England and Wales are now minority Christian countries

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Are we learning anything yet? Another survey that reinforces the decline in the belief in Christianity. As with similar surveys, the results are unlikely to lead to a realization by most that the messengers are not communicating the right message. How about considering a new perspective, e.g.,

“Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will.” (Romans 12: 2, NIV).

Variability is an integral element of God’s design for man and nature, e.g., everyone and everything will always be unique – one of a kind. Variation represents the gap between “perfection” – where all needs are met, and the current situation. The Christian message can be reduced to just a few words: “ It all has to do with reducing variation.”

The quality profession, which supports a secular approach to improvement, has identified through the Taguchi Loss Function that reducing variation from the ideal (more perfect) results in better quality and lower costs to the individual and society. The hypothesis can be validated through a simple question:

Do you want better quality at a lower cost or the same level of quality at a higher cost?

The dilemma for the non-believers is that if you no longer believe in Christianity, will you still expect better quality?   

Deming’s Philosophy

linkedin 2022_10 Deming institute sopk

Linkedin Post – Reply from a post from the Deming Insitute

Deming’s philosophy represents a secular approach to improvement. Deming was a devout Christian and reinforced that improvement “all has to do with reducing variation.” This is a biblical-based principle.

Variation is a natural part of creation and represents the difference between “perfection” – the ideal or target, and imperfection. God’s description of perfection is that all needs are met – the Garden of Eden is an example. Jesus is the standard of perfection. A sincere belief and acceptance of Christ lead to salvation – eternal life – a perfect degree of variation.

Deming recognized the value of Shewhart’s work in managing and reducing variation which is validated by the Taguchi Loss Function. Deming also reinforced: “Anything less than optimization (more perfect) of the whole system will bring eventual loss to every component in the system.”

The So What? An awareness of the foundation for Deming’s philosophy can support more successful applications. For instance, a wider understanding of the variation principle may help develop an understanding within society as to why the use of grades in schools can be destructive, counter productive and suboptimal.

Additional context provided at the following: Success ThroughQuality https://lnkd.in/edH5C4d

God’s War (Operational) Plan

Bible Flag Dog Tag 4904414_l

Updated Oct 6, 2022

Post t LinkedIn

For the military members and veterans that may be Christians or others that may be interested, have you ever thought of the Bible from a military perspective as God’s war plan for saving humanity with a clear intent for guiding our behavior in support of his plan?

The “So What?” is that the military perspective does offer a frame of reference for supporting the Great Commission in raising awareness that a sincere belief and acceptance of Jesus Christ leads to salvation — eternal life.

The military decision-making process begins with a mission and commander’s intent, followed by an analysis of the mission. Mission analysis includes identifying the facts, assumptions, constraints, resources, and risks, along with the stated, implied, and essential tasks. This leads to identifying the best courses of action and a plan. Assessing the effects of the plan and making needed adjustments is also part of the process. What is working, what is not, and what changes might be needed?

Surveys by the Barna Group, Gallup, and others identify declining trends and variations in what is considered a biblical worldview. A belief in God and church attendance have also been declining. And, similar to the U.S. Constitution, some Christians believe that the Bible can be considered a “living document” that can be interpreted to fit with the times.

Variation is a natural part of God’s creation and represents the difference between the ideal (a more perfect outcome) and the actual situation. An implied and essential task includes reducing the variation from the ideal. This is done by taking action motivated by love that results in more needs being met.

When considering the need for improvement, a good question is, “By what method? The military decision-making processes can be applied to almost any situation.