Corruption: Description and Context

I generally associated the term corruption with illegality.  The Pope identifies a broader definition and context.

Pope Francis: ‘I Am Not Afraid of Sin, I Am Afraid of Corruption’,  by Thomas D. Williams  PH.D.  23 Jan 2018,

“Corruption – when a person’s conscience no longer registers right and wrong.”

“There is a big difference between corruption and sin, Pope Francis contends, because the sinner can always convert but the corrupt person sees no need for conversion.”

“The corrupt person goes through life taking the shortcuts of opportunism,” said the Pope, “with an air of innocence, wearing the mask of an honest person, which he begins to believe.”

“The corrupt person cannot accept criticism, discredits anyone who criticizes him, tries to belittle any moral authority who would question him, does not value others and insults anyone who thinks differently. If the balance of power permits, he persecutes anyone who contradicts him.”

“Unfortunately, Francis said, the problem is widespread.”


Indiana High School Graduation Rates

QUESTION: Since 2010-11, have any of the increases and decreases in the graduation rate been significant or do they indicate that the system is producing results within a normal range?

Pre-Test: Assess your knowledge of variability

Indiana’s high school graduation rate slipped last year, Indianapolis Star, USA TODAY NETWORK, Jan 12, 2018

Indiana’s high school graduation rate slipped in 2017, falling nearly two points from the previous year and dropping to its lowest point in the past six years.

The decline was the largest single-year drop in the past 11 years, the time span in which state data was immediately available.

Trend Chart


  • 2010-11: 87.1
  • 2011-12: 88.7
  • 2012-13: 88.6
  • 2013-14: : 89.8
  • 2014-15: 88.9
  • 2015-16: 89.1
  • 2016-17: 87.2

Reference: (Source of Data:   School and Corporation Data Reports

More Information: Institute for Healthcare Improvement:

Not so fake news

Two recent articles on Linkedin reinforce the need for a “better system” for a national discussion on various issues.

  • Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds. New discoveries about the human mind show the limitations of reason. New Yorker magazine, By